Published online Nov 8, 2013. doi: 10.5409/wjcp.v2.i4.70
Revised: September 25, 2013
Accepted: October 15, 2013
Published online: November 8, 2013
Core tip: Primary tuberculosis in children was traditionally thought to be distinct from reactivation tuberculosis in terms of location, pattern and severity. On the contrary, aggressive forms of pulmonary tuberculosis akin to adult forms are increasingly seen in pediatric clinical practice especially in adolescents. Our study revealed that similar to older patients, children with tuberculosis are equally prone to develop significant destructive lung changes with severe sequelae. Having longer life expectancy the impact is much more severe in children. Moreover, the cavitating lesions with high bacterial load make them highly infective and pose an important threat to community health.