Published online May 8, 2013. doi: 10.5409/wjcp.v2.i2.6
Revised: April 4, 2013
Accepted: April 17, 2013
Published online: May 8, 2013
Core tip: Indoor air pollution (IAP) is a key contributor to the burden of disease in developing countries; use of solid fuel for cooking and heating is the main source of IAP. Children are among the most vulnerable groups for adverse effects of IAP. The respiratory system is a primary target of air pollutants resulting in a wide range of acute and chronic effects. The spectrum of respiratory adverse effects ranges from mild subclinical changes and mild symptoms to life threatening conditions, and even death. This review summarizes the available information on IAP exposure during childhood and its effects on respiratory health in developing countries.