Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Otorhinolaryngol. Nov 28, 2015; 5(4): 90-92
Published online Nov 28, 2015. doi: 10.5319/wjo.v5.i4.90
Morbus Menière: Were the last 50 years of molecular biological research fruitless for Menière’s disease?
Raphael Richard Ciuman
Raphael Richard Ciuman, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Teaching Hospital, Marienhospital Gelsenkirchen, 45478 Mülheim, Germany
Author contributions: Ciuman RR solely contributed to this paper.
Conflict-of-interest statement: No conflict-of-interest declared.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Raphael Richard Ciuman, MD, MSc, Pharm, Med, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Teaching Hospital, Marienhospital Gelsenkirchen, Uranusbogen 14, 45478 Mülheim, Germany. ciuman.raphael@cityweb.de
Telephone: +49-208-5940556 Fax: +49-208-5940556
Received: April 29, 2015
Peer-review started: May 12, 2015
First decision: June 24, 2015
Revised: July 25, 2015
Accepted: September 7, 2015
Article in press: September 8, 2015
Published online: November 28, 2015
Core Tip

Core tip: Morbus Menière has beome the reference type of inner ear disease. It may express all kind of inner ear symptoms at once, but appears as atypical disease as well. There have been immense achievements in physiologic and biochemical understanding for the inner ear, various inner ear diseases in general and Menière's disease specifically. Pathophysiologic understanding, ongoing research and therapeutic options for Menière’s disease are described and discussed.