Published online Feb 28, 2015. doi: 10.5319/wjo.v5.i1.21
Peer-review started: September 16, 2014
First decision: November 1, 2014
Revised: November 4, 2014
Accepted: December 3, 2014
Article in press: December 10, 2014
Published online: February 28, 2015
Core tip: It is very difficult for the patients with otosclerosis having no or little hearing gain after surgery and for those who had sudden or gradual hearing loss after a successful air-bone gap closure in the follow-up period. The issue of re-exploring the middle ear is challenging. A general review of this subject from several points of view remains lacking. In this study, articles related with revision surgery for otosclerosis have been reviewed after a PubMed research and common and/or contradictory points were documented.