Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Otorhinolaryngol. Feb 28, 2015; 5(1): 14-20
Published online Feb 28, 2015. doi: 10.5319/wjo.v5.i1.14
Exostoses of the external auditory canal
David R Lobo
David R Lobo, Department of Otolaryngology, Hospital El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, 28200 Madrid, Spain
David R Lobo, Instituto Antolí-Candela, 28043 Madrid, Spain
Author contributions: Lobo DR solely contributed to this manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest: None.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: David R Lobo, MD, PhD, Department of Otolaryngology, Hospital El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Ctra. M-600 de Guadarrama a San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Km. 6,255, 28200 Madrid, Spain.
Telephone: +34-91-8973021 Fax: +34-91-8973031
Received: November 29, 2014
Peer-review started: November 29, 2014
First decision: December 12, 2014
Revised: December 31, 2014
Accepted: January 15, 2015
Article in press: January 15, 2015
Published online: February 28, 2015
Core Tip

Core tip: Readers interested in aquatic sports medicine, otological procedures or bone lesions will find in this review a thorough summary of the most relevant aspects of ear canal exostoses, with a special focus on the major advances achieved in the knowledge of its etiology and pathophysiology, prevention and surgical therapy, and the challenges that remain and may guide research in the next few years and beyond, so that complications are minimized and the best outcomes are achieved.