Published online Feb 12, 2015. doi: 10.5318/wjo.v5.i1.16
Peer-review started: May 23, 2014
First decision: July 18, 2014
Revised: September 19, 2014
Accepted: November 10, 2014
Article in press: November 19, 2014
Published online: February 12, 2015
Core tip: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem, chronic inflammatory disease that is characterized by the development of non-caseating granulomas in multiple body tissues and organ systems. Neurological complications occur in 5%-15% of the cases. Because sarcoidosis has a predilection to involve the basilar meninges, cranial neuropathy is the most prevalent neurological deficit seen when the nervous system is involved. Several review papers on neurosarcoidosis have been published, but none has elaborated on cranial neuropathies. In this review, cranial neuropathies in sarcoidosis are discussed in detail, with elaboration on each cranial nerve individually and a representation of case reports from the literature.