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World J Ophthalmol. Nov 12, 2014; 4(4): 152-159
Published online Nov 12, 2014. doi: 10.5318/wjo.v4.i4.152
Predictors of visual outcome in traumatic cataract
Mehul Shah, Shreya Shah, Lalchand Gupta, Amisha Jain, Ruchir Mehta
Mehul Shah, Shreya Shah, Lalchand Gupta, Amisha Jain, Ruchir Mehta, Drashti Netralaya, Dahod 389151, Gujarat, India
Author contributions: Shah M contributed to concept design and write up; Shah S contributed to administrative support and manuscript editing; Gupta L and Jain A contributed to data collection and manuscript editing; Mehta R contributed to review of literature.
Correspondence to: Dr. Mehul Shah, MD, Drashti Netralaya, Chakalia Road, Dahod 389151, Gujarat, India.
Telephone: +91-2673-251100 Fax: +91-2673-251100
Received: January 27, 2014
Revised: September 6, 2014
Accepted: September 23, 2014
Published online: November 12, 2014

Traumatic cataract resulting from open- or closed-globe ocular trauma is one of the most common causes of blindness. Visual outcome is unpredictable because this is not determined solely by the lens. There is a lack of a standard classification, investigations, and treatment guidelines related to the outcome, with considerable debate regarding predictive models. We review the predictors of visual outcome following surgical treatment of traumatic cataracts, which may act as a guide to clinicians.

Keywords: Traumatic cataract, Visual outcome, Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology System, Ocular trauma score, Morphology of traumatic cataract, Open globe injuries, Classification of ocular trauma, controversy, Pediatric ocular trauma

Core tip: Visual outcome of traumatic cataract is controversial and confusing as it is not only the lens which decides prognosis, but many other factors also responsible. We have tried to address predictors which may forecast visual outcome in case of traumatic cataract.