Copyright ©2010 Baishideng Publishing Group Co.
World J Orthop. Nov 18, 2010; 1(1): 20-25
Published online Nov 18, 2010. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v1.i1.20
Table 1 Application of whole body vibration therapy in chronic diseases: Protocol and results
StudyChronic conditionStudy designSample sizeWBV protocol
Main results
Frequency of vibration (Hz)Amplitude of vibration (mm)Duration of WBV exposure per dayTreatment days per weekDuration of program
Trans et al[69], 2009OsteoarthritisRCT5224-30Not reported3-5 min28 wkWBV exercise on a stable platform resulted in significantly more gain in isokinetic knee extension/flexion torque and isometric knee extension strength than controls; WBV training on a balance board resulted in significantly more improvement in knee proprioception than controls
Ahlborg et al[70], 2006Cerebral palsyRCT1425-40Not reported6 min38 wkNo significant difference in ambulatory and gross motor function outcomes between the WBV group and resistance training group
Wunderer et al[71], 2010Multiple sclerosisSingle subject experimental design340230 min26 wkWBV resulted in increase in knee extensor muscle strength in all three subjects; WBV resulted in improvement in functional mobility (Timed Up and Go test) in two subjects
van Nes et al[72], 2006StrokeRCT533034 min56 wkGains in balance, mobility and activities of daily living were comparable to that in the conventional exercise group
Ebersbach et al[73], 2008Parkinson’s diseaseRCT27257-1415 min/session, 2 sessions/d53 wkGain in functional balance and gait velocity in WBV group was similar to those in the conventional physiotherapy group
Arias et al[74], 2009Parkinson’s diseaseNon-randomized controlled trial216Not reported5 min2-35 wkBalance and mobility outcomes after WBV exercise were similar to those after control exercises without WBV
Baum et al[75], 2007Type II diabetesRCT4030-3524 min312 wkNo significant difference in maximal isometric torque of the quadriceps and fasting glucose concentration after treatment among the WBV group, the strength training group and the flexibility training group
Roth et al[76], 2008Cystic fibrosisQuasi-experimental (no control group)1112-267.86 min3-56 moWBV resulted in no significant changes in the trabecular bone density of the tibia or spine; WBV induced an increase in explosive leg muscle strength
Rietschel et al[77], 2008Cystic fibrosisQuasi-experimental (no control group)1020-250.69 min/session, 2 sessions/d53 moWBV induced significant improvement in performance in the chair-rising test and the two-leg jump test