Copyright ©The Author(s) 2017.
World J Orthop. Jan 18, 2017; 8(1): 21-29
Published online Jan 18, 2017. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v8.i1.21
Table 9 Three common pathologies and the related necessary clinical tests[7]
Special pathologyRequired tests
Pes cavusClaw toes Examine peroneal tendons Tibialis anterior and posterior Coleman block test Examine the Achilles tendon Full lower and upper limb neurological examination Hand - inspect for muscle wasting Spine
Pes planusSingle leg sustained tip toe test Testing tibialis posterior power Too many toes sign Examine the Achilles tendon
Hallux valgus/ rigidusDorsal osteophyte Passive ROM Grind tests Correct the deformity Examine the Achilles tendon