Copyright ©The Author(s) 2017.
World J Orthop. Jan 18, 2017; 8(1): 21-29
Published online Jan 18, 2017. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v8.i1.21
Table 5 Movements of the ankle joint and possible causes of restrictions[3,9]
MovementNormal range of motionPossible causes of restriction
Dorsiflexion0-20 degreesTight Achilles tendon Tightness of the posterior ligaments Loss of flexibility in the ankle syndesmosis Impingement of anterior soft tissue or osteophytes
Plantar flexion0-50 degreesAnterior capsule/ligaments contractures Posterior impingement
Inversion0-35 degreesTension in the joint capsules and the lateral ligaments1
Eversion0-15 degreesTension in the joint capsules and the medial ligaments1