Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Orthop. Apr 18, 2015; 6(3): 322-330
Published online Apr 18, 2015. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v6.i3.322
Table 1 Variations of distally based lateral sural flap
Vascular perforator
Middle septocutaneou perforator, located approximately 10 cm above malleolus
Lowermost septocutaneous perforator, located approximately 5 cm above malleolus
Retromalleolar perforator, located approximately 2 cm above malleolus
Pedicle component
Fasciocutaneous pedicle (full-thickness, peninsular)
Adipofascial pedicle (without overlying skin bridge, island)
Neurofasciocutaneous, neurovenofasciocutaneous
Perforator with septum intact
Perforator with septum dissection (perforator skeletonized)
Flap constituent
Fasciocutaneous flap
Neurofasciocutaneous, neurovenofasciocutaneous flap
Adipofascial flap
Fasciomyocutaneous flap (including a fragment of gastrocnemius muscle)