Topic Highlight
Copyright ©2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited. All rights reserved.
World J Clin Oncol. Feb 10, 2014; 5(1): 1-18
Published online Feb 10, 2014. doi: 10.5306/wjco.v5.i1.1
Current aspects of therapeutic reduction mammaplasty for immediate early breast cancer management: An update
Alexandre Mendonça Munhoz, Eduardo Montag, Rolf Gemperli
Alexandre Mendonça Munhoz, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital Sírio, Libanês, São Paulo 01239-040, Brazil
Eduardo Montag, Breast Reconstruction Group, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo 01239-040, Brazil
Rolf Gemperli, Department of Plastic Surgery, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo 01239-040, Brazil
Author contributions: Munhoz AM contributed to the data collection, analysis and interpretation, and wrote the paper; Montag E contributed to the data collection and analysis; Gemperli R contributed to the data analysis and interpretation.
Correspondence to: Alexandre Mendonça Munhoz, MD, Professor, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital Sírio, Libanês, Rua Mato Grosso, 306 cj.1706 Higienópolis, São Paulo 01239-040, Brazil. alexandremunhoz@hotmail.com
Telephone: +55-11-32551760 Fax: +55-11-32551760
Received: September 30, 2013
Revised: November 27, 2013
Accepted: December 17, 2013
Published online: February 10, 2014
Abstract

Breast-conservation surgery (BCS) is established as a safe surgical treatment for most patients with early breast cancer. Recently, advances in oncoplastic techniques are capable of preserving the breast form and quality of life. Although most BCS defects can be managed with primary closure, the aesthetic outcome may be unpredictable. Among technical options, therapeutic reduction mammaplasty (TRM) remains a useful procedure since the BCS defect can be repaired and the preoperative appearance can be improved, resulting in more proportional breasts. As a consequence of rich breast tissue vascularization, the greater part of reduction techniques have based their planning on preserving the pedicle of the nipple-areola complex after tumor removal. Reliable circulation and improvement of a conical shape to the breast are commonly described in TRM reconstructions. With an immediate approach, the surgical process is smooth since both procedures can be carried out in one operative setting. Additionally, it permits wider excision of the tumor, with a superior mean volume of the specimen and potentially reduces the incidence of margin involvement. Regardless of the fact that there is no consensus concerning the best TRM technique, the criteria is determined by the surgeon’s experience, the extent/location of glandular tissue resection and the size of the defect in relation to the size of the remaining breast. The main advantages of the technique utilized should include reproducibility, low interference with the oncological treatment and long-term results. The success of the procedure depends on patient selection, coordinated planning and careful intra-operative management.

Keywords: Breast reconstruction, Conservative breast surgery, Partial mastectomy, Oncoplastic, Reduction mammaplasty, Outcome, Complications

Core tip: Recently, advances in oncoplastic techniques are capable of preserving the breast form and quality of life. Among technical options, therapeutic reduction mammaplasty remains a useful procedure since the breast-conservation surgery defect can be repaired and the preoperative appearance can be improved. Additionally, it permits wider excision of the tumor, with a superior mean volume of the specimen and potentially reduces the incidence of margin involvement. The main advantages of the technique utilized should include reproducibility, low interference with the oncological treatment and long-term results. The success of the procedure depends on patient selection, coordinated planning and careful intra-operative management.