Topic Highlight
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World J Gastrointest Pathophysiol. Nov 15, 2014; 5(4): 416-426
Published online Nov 15, 2014. doi: 10.4291/wjgp.v5.i4.416
Acute pancreatitis in children and adolescents
Mitsuyoshi Suzuki, Jin Kan Sai, Toshiaki Shimizu
Mitsuyoshi Suzuki, Toshiaki Shimizu, Departments of Pediatrics, Juntendo University, Tokyo 113 8421, Japan
Jin Kan Sai, Departments of Gastroenterology, Juntendo University, Tokyo 113 8421, Japan
Author contributions: Suzuki M performed experiments and participated in writing and figure creation; Sai JK and Shimizu T conceived the idea and participated in writing.
Correspondence to: Mitsuyoshi Suzuki, MD, PhD, Department of Pediatrics, Juntendo University, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113 8421, Japan.
Telephone: +81-3-38133111-3640 Fax: +81-3-58001580
Received: February 28, 2014
Revised: April 9, 2014
Accepted: July 18, 2014
Published online: November 15, 2014
Core Tip

Core tip: The etiology, manifestations, and course of acute pancreatitis in children are often different than in adults, and these differences should be highlighted. The etiology of acute pancreatitis in children is drugs, infections, trauma, or anatomic abnormalities. The diagnosis of acute pancreatitis is based on clinical symptoms, serum pancreatic enzyme levels, and imaging studies. Treatments in adults and children are similar. With advances in diagnostic techniques and treatments, severe acute pancreatitis in children is becoming better understood and more controllable.