Published online Nov 15, 2014. doi: 10.4291/wjgp.v5.i4.416
Revised: April 9, 2014
Accepted: July 18, 2014
Published online: November 15, 2014
Core tip: The etiology, manifestations, and course of acute pancreatitis in children are often different than in adults, and these differences should be highlighted. The etiology of acute pancreatitis in children is drugs, infections, trauma, or anatomic abnormalities. The diagnosis of acute pancreatitis is based on clinical symptoms, serum pancreatic enzyme levels, and imaging studies. Treatments in adults and children are similar. With advances in diagnostic techniques and treatments, severe acute pancreatitis in children is becoming better understood and more controllable.