Copyright ©2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc.
World J Radiol. Sep 28, 2014; 6(9): 677-692
Published online Sep 28, 2014. doi: 10.4329/wjr.v6.i9.677
Table 1 Commonly used sclerosants and liquid embolic agents
Sclerosants and liquid embolic agents Comments
Sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS)Combined with non-ionic contrast for final concentration of 1.5%; foamed according to Tessari’s method[39]
Doxycycline10 mg/mL, maximum dose 1000 mg
Ethanol95% concentration; Risk of systemic toxicity increases with doses > 1 mL/kg or total volume > 60 mL
Bleomycin0.3-0.5 mg/kg
OK-432/Picibanil1-3 intralesional injections of 0.2 mL each dose at 0.01 mg/kg
Polidocanol0.5-1.0% concentration; Inject 0.1-0.3 mL for a total administered dose of 10 mL
n-BCA glueCombined with Ethiodol for polymerization
OnyxDissolved with DMSO and tantalum; three different concentrations (6%, 6.5%, 8%)