Published online Sep 28, 2014. doi: 10.4329/wjr.v6.i9.636
Revised: March 18, 2014
Accepted: July 15, 2014
Published online: September 28, 2014
Core tip:Transcranial sonography (TCS) is an ultrasound-based imaging technique, which allows the identification of several structures within the brain parenchyma, not only in neonates, but also in adult patients. It can be used to diagnose intracranial space occupying lesions of various origins, intracranial hemorrhage, hydrocephalus and midline shift. In comparison with computed tomography scan, TCS has the advantages of low costs, short investigation times, repeatability, and bedside availability. These noninvasive characteristics, together with the possibility of offering a continuous patient neuro-monitoring system, determine its applicability in multiple emergency settings.