Observational Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2023. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Radiol. Dec 28, 2023; 15(12): 350-358
Published online Dec 28, 2023. doi: 10.4329/wjr.v15.i12.350
Factors associated with gastrointestinal stromal tumor rupture and pathological risk: A single-center retrospective study
Jia-Zheng Liu, Zhong-Wen Jia, Ling-Ling Sun
Jia-Zheng Liu, Zhong-Wen Jia, Ling-Ling Sun, Department of Radiology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110033, Liaoning Province, China
Author contributions: Jia ZW conceived the idea; Liu JZ and Sun LL collected and analyzed the data; Liu JZ wrote the paper; all the authors discussed the results and contributed to the final manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: The study was reviewed and approved by The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University Institutional Review Board.
Informed consent statement: Patients were not required to give informed consent to the study because the analysis used anonymous clinical data that were obtained after each patient agreed to treatment by written consent.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All the authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Data sharing statement: The data used to support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon request.
STROBE statement: The authors have read the STROBE Statement—checklist of items, and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the STROBE Statement—checklist of items.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Zhong-Wen Jia, PhD, Chief Physician, Department of Radiology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, No. 4 Chongshan East Road, Huanggu District, Shenyang 110033, Liaoning Province, China. jiazhongwen@126.com
Received: August 26, 2023
Peer-review started: August 26, 2023
First decision: October 9, 2023
Revised: October 26, 2023
Accepted: December 12, 2023
Article in press: December 12, 2023
Published online: December 28, 2023
Core Tip

Core Tip: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) biopsy is inconvenient, has a low yield, and easily leads to tumor metastasis. It is of great significance for the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of GIST if non-invasive examination can be performed before surgery to accurately assess the risk of tumor. The results of our study found that tumor diameter, tumor morphology, internal necrosis, and gas-liquid interface are related to the rupture of GIST, and sex and tumor diameter are related to the pathological risk of GIST. The results of this study provides ideas for non-invasive examination and risk assessment of GIST.