Published online Oct 27, 2021. doi: 10.4240/wjgs.v13.i10.1226
Peer-review started: March 20, 2021
First decision: June 3, 2021
Revised: June 15, 2021
Accepted: August 16, 2021
Article in press: August 16, 2021
Published online: October 27, 2021
Nonoperative management (NOM) is a promising therapeutic modality for patients with perforated peptic ulcer (PPU). However, the risk factors for poor efficacy and adverse events of NOM are a concern.
To investigate the factors predictive of poor efficacy and adverse events in patients with PPU treated by NOM.
This retrospective case-control study enrolled 272 patients who were diagnosed with PPU and initially managed nonoperatively from January 2014 to December 2018. Of these 272 patients, 50 converted to emergency surgery due to a lack of improvement (surgical group) and 222 patients were included in the NOM group. The clinical data of these patients were collected. Baseline patient characteristics and adverse outcomes were compared between the two groups. Logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were conducted to investigate the factors predictive of poor efficacy of NOM and adverse outcomes in patients with PPU.
Adverse outcomes were observed in 71 patients (32.0%). Multivariate analyses revealed that low serum albumin level was an independent predictor for poor efficacy of NOM and adverse outcomes in patients with PPU.
Low serum albumin level may be used as an indicator to help predict the poor efficacy of NOM and adverse outcomes, and can be used for risk stratification in patients with PPU.
Core Tip: Risk factors are associated with a poor efficacy in patients with perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) treated by nonoperative management (NOM), and can be used for risk stratification in patients with PPU. Serum albumin level is an important predictor of the poor efficacy of NOM.