Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Diabetes. Apr 15, 2015; 6(3): 489-499
Published online Apr 15, 2015. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v6.i3.489
Table 1 Types of diabetic maculopathy[19]
FocalLocalized edema Lipid exudates Intraretinal hemorrhages Focal hyperfluorescence in late fluorescein angiography
Clinically significant without foveal thickening (non-center-involving) (sight-threatening)Edema within 500 μm around the foveola Exudates within 500 μm around the foveola accompanied by edema Edema ≥ 1 optic-disk diameter within one optic-disk diameter around the foveola
Clinically significant with foveal thickening (center-involving)Ill-defined edema, which may be cystoid Exudates Intraretinal hemorrhages Origin of leakage often not clearly identifiable by fluorescein angiography
TractionalDue to vitreous traction to the fovea Thickened posterior hyaloid membrane OCT visualizes vitreal traction
Ischemic maculopathy (occlusion of the perifoveal capillaries)Loss of vision without any clearly visible cause on fundoscopy Fluorescein angiography needed for diagnosis Difficult to diagnose by fundoscopy only Edema may be present or absent