Copyright ©The Author(s) 2020.
World J Diabetes. Feb 15, 2020; 11(2): 26-32
Published online Feb 15, 2020. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v11.i2.26
Table 1 Possible mechanisms of whole grain diet affect body weight regulation
Dietary fibers in WGsLower energy density results in less energy intake
Attenuation of intestinal nutrition absorption
Stimulation of oro-sensory and gastric mechanoreceptors result in increased satiation
Delay of gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transition result in increased satiety
Polyphenols in WGsInterferes with adipocyte signaling pathways results in more energy expenditures
Minerals in WGsMagnesium and zinc are co-factors in lean body mass growth and body fat mass decrease
Brown adipose tissueNon-shivering thermogenesis
AdiponectinPromotes glucose utilization, lipid oxidation, and energy expenditure