Systematic Reviews
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2024. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Gastrointest Oncol. Feb 15, 2024; 16(2): 514-526
Published online Feb 15, 2024. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v16.i2.514
Prognostic nutritional index in predicting survival of patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma: A systematic review
Stylianos Fiflis, Grigorios Christodoulidis, Menelaos Papakonstantinou, Alexandros Giakoustidis, Stergos Koukias, Paraskevi Roussos, Marina Nektaria Kouliou, Konstantinos Eleftherios Koumarelas, Dimitrios Giakoustidis
Stylianos Fiflis, Menelaos Papakonstantinou, Alexandros Giakoustidis, Stergos Koukias, Paraskevi Roussos, Dimitrios Giakoustidis, First Department of Surgery, General Hospital Papageorgiou, Thessaloniki 56429, Greece
Grigorios Christodoulidis, Marina Nektaria Kouliou, Konstantinos Eleftherios Koumarelas, Department of General Surgery, University Hospital of Larissa, Larissa 41110, Greece
Author contributions: Fiflis S and Papakonstantinou M contributed equally to this work and wrote most of the manuscript; Fiflis S, Papakonstantinou M, and Giakoustidis A designed the research study, performed the research, and analyzed the data; Christodoulidis G offered guidance and assisted as the corresponding author; Koukias S and Roussos P assisted in writing part of the Results and Discussion sections; Kouliou MN and Koumarelas KE assisted in writing part of the Introduction section; Giakoustidis A and Giakoustidis D offered guidance, assisted in writing part of the Discussion section, and performed manuscript revisions; and all authors have read and approved the final manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All the authors report no relevant conflicts of interest for this article.
PRISMA 2009 Checklist statement: The authors have read the PRISMA 2009 Checklist, and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the PRISMA 2009 Checklist.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Grigorios Christodoulidis, PhD, Surgeon, Department of General Surgery, University Hospital of Larissa, Mezourlo, Larissa 41110, Greece. gregsurg@yahoo.gr
Received: November 16, 2023
Peer-review started: November 16, 2023
First decision: December 2, 2023
Revised: December 16, 2023
Accepted: January 15, 2024
Article in press: January 15, 2024
Published online: February 15, 2024
Core Tip

Core Tip: In the present systematic review, we investigated the role of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in predicting the survival of patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma that were submitted to surgery with or without chemotherapy. PNI is easy to calculate and provides information about the nutritional status of the patients. Low preoperative PNI seems to be associated with worse survival in patients that will undergo surgery for gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma and therefore could be useful for decision making in clinical practice.