Retrospective evaluation of lymphatic and blood vessel invasion and Borrmann types in advanced proximal gastric cancer
Shan Gao, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, Liaoning Province, China
Guo-Hui Cao, The first department of oncology, Hebei general Hospital, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province 050051, China
Peng Ding, Peng Deng, Bin Hou, Kai Li, Xiao-Fang Liu, Department of Surgical Oncology, the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, Liaoning Province, China
Yang-Yang Zhao, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, Liaoning Province, China
Author contributions: Gao S, Zhao YY and Deng P collected the data and drafted the manuscript; Cao GH, Ding P and Hou B analyzed the data; Liu XF and Li K designed and supervised the study.
Supported by the Foundation of Innovative Talents in Higher Education of Liaoning Province, No. LR2016043.
Institutional review board statement: This study was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University.
Informed consent statement: Patients were not required to give informed consent as the analysis used anonymous clinical data that were obtained after each patient agreed to treatment by providing written consent.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All authors declare no conflicts-of-interest related to this article.
Data sharing statement: No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Xiao-Fang Liu, MD, PhD, Doctor, Department of Surgical Oncology, the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, No.155, Nanjing North Street, Heping District, Shenyang 110001, Liaoning Province, China. email@example.com
Received: May 21, 2019
Peer-review started: May 21, 2019
First decision: July 16, 2019
Revised: July 18, 2019
Accepted: August 3, 2019
Article in press: August 3, 2019
Published online: August 15, 2019