Atypical anastomotic malignancies of small bowel after subtotal gastrectomy with Billorth II gastroenterostomy for peptic ulcer: Report of three cases and review of the literature
Efstathios Kotidis, Orestis Ioannidis, Manousos George Pramateftakis, Konstantinos Christou, Ioannis Kanellos, Konstantinos Tsalis, Fourth Surgical Department, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 57010, Greece
Author contributions: All authors helped to perform the research; Kotidis E, Ioannidis O, Pramateftakis MG and Christou K collected the data; Ioannidis O, Kanellos I and Tsalis K analyzed and interpreted the data; Kotidis E, Ioannidis O, Pramateftakis MG and Christou K designed and supervised the study; Kanellos I and Tsalis K significantly contributed to the literature review and linguistic formatting and correction of the manuscript; Kotidis E, Ioannidis O, Pramateftakis MG, Christou K, Kanellos I and Tsalis K critically revised the manuscript for important intellectual content; Kotidis E, Ioannidis O, Pramateftakis MG and Christou K drafted the manuscript and were responsible for final proof reading; all authors have read and approved the final version to be published.
Institutional review board statement: This study was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of General Hospital “George Papanikolaou”, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Informed consent statement: Patients were not required to give informed consent to the study because the analysis used anonymous clinical data that were obtained after each patient agreed to treatment by written consent.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All authors declare no conflicts-of-interest related to this article.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Orestis Ioannidis, MD, MSc, PhD, Academic Fellow, Doctor, Surgeon, Fourth Surgical Department, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Alexandrou Mihailidi 13, Thessaloniki 57010, Greece. email@example.com
Telephone: +30-23-10814161 Fax: +30-23-10551301
Received: February 7, 2018
Peer-review started: February 7, 2018
First decision: March 7, 2018
Revised: May 25, 2018
Accepted: June 8, 2018
Article in press: June 9, 2018
Published online: July 15, 2018