Published online Oct 15, 2018. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v10.i10.336
Peer-review started: April 11, 2018
First decision: April 23, 2018
Revised: May 27, 2018
Accepted: June 13, 2018
Article in press: June 14, 2018
Published online: October 15, 2018
Core tip: The last two decades have seen a paradigm shift in the selection of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for liver transplantation. With the introduction of multimodality imaging, combination of computed tomography with nuclear medicine imaging fulfilled an unmet need and rapidly became a critical component of HCC management. This review article will focus on the use of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in the pre-transplant evaluation of HCC patients with special discussion on its ability to predict HCC recurrence after liver transplantation.