Published online Jan 15, 2010. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v2.i1.44
Revised: December 24, 2009
Accepted: December 31, 2009
Published online: January 15, 2010
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is an uncommon “borderline malignancy” generally arising from a perforated appendiceal epithelial tumour. Optimal treatment involves a combination of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). Controversy persists regarding the pathological classification and its prognostic value. Computed tomography scanning is the optimal preoperative staging technique. Tumour marker elevations correlate with worse prognosis and increased recurrence rates. Following CRS with HIPEC, 5-year survival ranges from 62.5% to 100% for low grade, and 0%-65% for high grade disease. Treatment related morbidity and mortality ranges from 12 to 67.6%, and 0 to 9%, respectively. Surgery and HIPEC are the optimal treatment for PMP which is at best a “borderline” peritoneal malignancy.