Systematic Reviews
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Gastrointest Endosc. Feb 16, 2015; 7(2): 135-153
Published online Feb 16, 2015. doi: 10.4253/wjge.v7.i2.135
Clinical outcomes of self-expandable stent placement for benign esophageal diseases: A pooled analysis of the literature
Emo E van Halsema, Jeanin E van Hooft
Emo E van Halsema, Jeanin E van Hooft, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Author contributions: van Halsema EE and van Hooft JE contributed to conception and design, analysis and interpretation of the data, drafting of the article and final approval of the article; van Hooft JE contributed to critical revision of the article.
Conflict-of-interest: Emo van Halsema had no conflict of interest. Jeanin van Hooft: consultancy work for Cook Medical, Boston Scientific, Abbott and Covidien.
Data sharing: All data in this systematic review were extracted from the original articles and are presented in the literature Tables 1 and 4. No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Jeanin E van Hooft, MD, PhD, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, C2-116, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Telephone: +31-20-5667918 Fax: +31-20-6917033
Received: August 28, 2014
Peer-review started: September 3, 2014
First decision: November 19, 2014
Revised: December 4, 2014
Accepted: December 16, 2014
Article in press: December 17, 2014
Published online: February 16, 2015
Core Tip

Core tip: After a systematic search of the literature, we performed a pooled analysis on the clinical outcomes of self-expandable stent placement for benign esophageal diseases. We analyzed the clinical success, adverse events and removal outcome of stent placement in 232 patients with refractory benign esophageal strictures and 643 patients with benign esophageal leaks, perforations and fistulae. Additional analyses were performed for clinical outcomes according to stent type and etiology.