Observational Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2018. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Gastrointest Endosc. May 16, 2018; 10(5): 93-98
Published online May 16, 2018. doi: 10.4253/wjge.v10.i5.93
Endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage of pancreatic walled-off necrosis using self-expanding metal stents without fluoroscopy
Barbara Braden, Andreas Koutsoumpas, Michael A Silva, Zahir Soonawalla, Christoph F Dietrich
Barbara Braden, Andreas Koutsoumpas, Translational Gastroenterology Unit, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
Michael A Silva, Zahir Soonawalla, Hepatobiliary Surgery, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
Christoph F Dietrich, Caritas Krankenhaus, Bad Mergentheim 97980, Germany
Author contributions: Braden B and Dietrich CF contributed to study conception and design, performed the interventions and data acquisition; Braden B, Koutsoumpas A, Silva MA, Soonawalla Z and Dietrich CF contributed to data acquisition, data analysis and interpretation, editing, reviewing and final approval of article.
Institutional review board statement: After discussion with the local Ethics Service, they considered this observational project to be an audit rather than a research project, therefore ethical approval was not required.
Informed consent statement: Informed consent was obtained from all patients.
Conflict-of-interest statement: No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.
Data sharing statement: Data set available from corresponding author braden@em.uni-frankfurt.de. Consent has not been obtained for sharing of this data but all data have been anonymised and the risk of identification is therefore low.
STROBE statement: Guidelines of the STROBE Statement have been adopted.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Barbara Braden, BSc, FEBG, MD, PhD, Professor, Translational Gastroenterology Unit, Oxford University Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust, Headley Way, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom. braden@em.uni-frankfurt.de
Telephone: +44-186-5228760 Fax: +44-186-5228763
Received: January 3, 2018
Peer-review started: January 4, 2018
First decision: January 22, 2018
Revised: February 20, 2018
Accepted: March 14, 2018
Article in press: March 15, 2018
Published online: May 16, 2018
Core Tip

Core tip: The use of self-expanding and lumen-apposing metal stents for the drainage of walled-off necrosis has revolutionised the treatment options and outcome of this disease. Conventionally, these stents are placed by endoscopic ultrasound-guidance but under fluoroscopic control. We could demonstrate that all steps of the stent insertion are visible endosonographically which allows safe and controlled stent placement. Without the need for fluoroscopy and consequent radiation protection regulations, this procedure becomes available in the endoscopy unit and at the bedside of critically ill patients.