Published online Nov 16, 2016. doi: 10.4253/wjge.v8.i19.716
Peer-review started: May 30, 2016
First decision: July 20, 2016
Revised: August 1, 2016
Accepted: September 13, 2016
Article in press: September 18, 2016
Published online: November 16, 2016
To compare the healing effects of vonoprazan and lansoprazole on gastric ulcers induced by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).
Data were obtained from a total of 26 patients. Fourteen patients were randomized to the vonoprazan group and 12 were randomized to the lansoprazole group. Patients were administered either 20 mg vonoprazan or 30 mg lansoprazole per day after ESD. Endoscopic images just after ESD, on day 8, and on day 28 were used for the evaluation of the shrinking rate of ESD ulcers. The shrinking rates and the incidence of delayed bleeding were compared between the 2 groups.
The shrinking rates of ESD ulcers on day 8 [vonoprazan group: 61.8% (range: 24.0%-91.1%), lansoprazole group: 71.3% (range: 25.2%-88.6%)] and on day 28 [vonoprazan group: 95.3% (range: 76.2%-100%), lansoprazole group: 97.2% (range: 81.1%-99.8%)] were not statistically different between the 2 groups. On day 28, most of the ulcers in both groups healed to more than 90%, whereas 3 of 14 (21.4%) in the vonoprazan group and 1 of 12 (8.3%) in the lansoprazole group had delayed ulcer healing, which was not statistically different (P = 0.356). The frequency of delayed bleeding was 0 in the both groups. Taken together, there were no significant differences between the two drug groups.
Our study indicates that vonoprazan is potent for the management of ESD ulcers although lansoprazole is also sufficient and cost-effective.
Core tip: Our study highlights the comparison of two drugs (vonoprazan and lansoprazole) for the treatment of gastric ulcers induced by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). There were no significant differences between the two drugs with regard to ulcer shrinkage and delayed bleeding. Our study indicated vonoprazan was potent for the management of ESD ulcers although lansoprazole was also sufficient and cost-effective.