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World J Gastrointest Endosc. Feb 16, 2010; 2(2): 47-49
Published online Feb 16, 2010. doi: 10.4253/wjge.v2.i2.47
Pulmonary or otolaryngologic extraesophageal manifestations in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease
Giampaolo Bresci, Rodolfo Sacco
Giampaolo Bresci, Rodolfo Sacco, Gastroenterology Department, Cisanello Pisa University Hospital, Pisa 56124, Italy
Rodolfo Sacco, Institute of Internal Medicine, University of Foggia, Viale Pinto, Foggia 71100, Italy
Author contributions: Bresci G designed and wrote the paper; Sacco R critically revised and edited the paper.
Correspondence to: Giampaolo Bresci, MD, Gastroenterology Department, Cisanello Pisa University Hospital, Via Paradisa 2, Pisa 56124, Italy. gbresci@libero.it
Telephone: +39-50-45227 Fax: +39-50-45227
Received: February 3, 2009
Revised: December 6, 2009
Accepted: December 13, 2009
Published online: February 16, 2010

The extraesophageal manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux disease that are similar to a heart attack or gastric diseases are well known, while those categorized as pulmonary or otolaryngological are less known and less studied. In this article, we introduce this less known aspect of gastroesophageal reflux.

Keywords: Gastroesophageal reflux, Extraesophageal symptoms, Gastroesophageal reflux disease