Published online Nov 28, 2017. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v9.i33.1239
Peer-review started: July 19, 2017
First decision: August 15, 2017
Revised: September 1, 2017
Accepted: September 16, 2017
Article in press: September 16, 2017
Published online: November 28, 2017
Core tip: Despite the outstanding progresses in the management of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, the elimination of HCV would be difficult due to the emergence of injection drug use as the main source of HCV transmission. Asymptomatic nature of HCV infection, restricted accessibility to diagnostic approaches and appropriate antiviral treatments in the injecting drug users (IDUs) community are the root cause of failure in control of HCV infection among IDUs. These circumstances create a strong demand for timely diagnosis and proper treatment of HCV-infected patients as well as raising general awareness of HCV infection through public education to mitigate the risk of HCV transmission.