Herbal Traditional Chinese Medicine and suspected liver injury: A prospective study
Dieter Melchart, Institute for Complementary and Integrative Medicine, University Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, CH-8091 Zurich, Switzerland
Dieter Melchart, Wolfgang Weidenhammer, Competence Centre for Complementary Medicine and Naturopathy (CoCoNat), University Hospital Munich rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, D-80801 Munich, Germany
Stefan Hager, Sabine Albrecht, Jingzhang Dai, Hospital for Traditional Chinese Medicine, D-93444 Bad Kötzting, Germany
Jingzhang Dai, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
Rolf Teschke, Department of Internal Medicine II, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Klinikum Hanau, Teaching Hospital of the Medical Faculty of the Goethe University, D-63450 Hanau, Frankfurt/Main, Germany
Author contributions: Melchart D had full access to all of the study data and takes full responsibility for the integrity of the data; Melchart D, Hager S, Albrecht S, Dai J and Weidenhammer W contributed to study conception and design; Melchart D, Hager S, Albrecht S, Dai J and Weidenhammer W contributed to acquisition of data; Melchart D, Hager S, Albrecht S, Dai J, Weidenhammer W and Teschke R contributed to analysis and interpretation of data; Melchart D, Weidenhammer W and Teschke R contributed to drafting of the manuscript; Melchart D, Hager S, Albrecht S, Dai J, Weidenhammer W and Teschke R contributed to critical revision of the manuscript; Melchart D, Weidenhammer W and Teschke R contributed to statistical analysis.
Institutional review board statement: All scientific activities are authorized and reviewed by an Academic Exchange Agreement between the Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and Technische Universität München.
Informed consent statement: All patients gave their written consent prior to the study inclusion on admission to the hospital.
Conflict-of-interest statement: Albrecht, Hager and Dai belong to the medical personnel of the TCM hospital in Bad Kötzting. Melchart is head of the scientific board of the TCM hospital in Bad Kötzting taking part in voluntary service. None financial disclosure of all authors is declared.
Data sharing statement: No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Dieter Melchart, MD, Professor, Competence Centre for Complementary Medicine and Naturopathy (CoCoNat), University Hospital Munich rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Kaiserstrasse 9, D-80801 Munich, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org
Telephone: +49-89-7266970 Fax: +49-89-72669721
Received: May 15, 2017
Peer-review started: May 27, 2017
First decision: July 11, 2017
Revised: July 26, 2017
Accepted: August 16, 2017
Article in press: August 17, 2017
Published online: October 18, 2017