Systematic Reviews
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Hepatol. Apr 8, 2015; 7(4): 710-716
Published online Apr 8, 2015. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v7.i4.710
Endotipsitis: A case report with a literature review on an emerging prosthetic related infection
Annalan MD Navaratnam, Matthew Grant, David B Banach
Annalan MD Navaratnam, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, W2 1PG London, United Kingdom
Matthew Grant, David B Banach, Department of Infectious Diseases, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, United States
Author contributions: Navaratnam AMD and Grant M conceived the idea and drafted the manuscript; Navaratnam AMD carried out the literature review and data collection; Navaratnam AMD, Grant M and Banach DB analyzed the data; all authors revised, read and approved the final manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
Data sharing: No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Dr. Annalan MD Navaratnam, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary's Campus, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG London, United Kingdom.
Telephone: +44-20-759443287
Received: August 1, 2014
Peer-review started: August 2, 2014
First decision: November 14, 2014
Revised: December 15, 2014
Accepted: January 30, 2015
Article in press: February 2, 2015
Published online: April 8, 2015
Processing time: 256 Days and 3.1 Hours
Core Tip

Core tip: We present a case of a rare disease entity called endotipsitis, vegetative infection of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). This case has the longest latency, from insertion to infection, reported in the literature. The literature review supplementing this case report demonstrates an association between onset of infection from TIPS insertion and the etiological agent causing the disease. Furthermore, we demonstrate significantly poorer outcomes in specific infections.