Published online Feb 27, 2014. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v6.i2.85
Revised: November 25, 2013
Accepted: January 13, 2014
Published online: February 27, 2014
Core tip: Previous studies have examined factors relative to the pathogenesis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with cirrhosis of the liver. This study was designed to examine the role of cytokines in decompensated cirrhotics requiring a large-volume paracentesis for ascites management and to compare the biomarker responses present in both the plasma and ascitic fluid of cirrhotics of differing etiologies. Factors likely to represent protective cytokines associated with a reduced risk for SBP include epidermal growth factor, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1A, IL-8, and IL-10. Those are more likely to be associated with potential for SBP include: IL-1B, IL-4, monocyte chemotactic protein -1, and interfero-γ.