Published online Jan 26, 2020. doi: 10.4252/wjsc.v12.i1.87
Peer-review started: June 18, 2019
First decision: July 31, 2019
Revised: August 12, 2019
Accepted: October 14, 2019
Article in press: October 14, 2019
Published online: January 26, 2020
Core tip: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play an important role in tumor formation, growth, invasion, metastasis, and recurrence. Hypoxia can promote the differentiation of various tumor cells, enable cells to acquire stem cell characteristics, and enhance tumor cell invasion and tumorigenicity. In the long-term exposure of tumors to hypoxia, the major regulatory factor is hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α), which can promote the malignant biological behavior of tumors by activating its downstream target genes. Studies have shown that the effect of HIF-2α on tumor cells may be related to CD44, a marker for breast CSCs. In this study, breast cancer cell line MCF-7 and basal breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 were utilized to investigate the relationship between HIF-2α and CD44 gene expression and the regulatory effect of HIF-2α on CD44.