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Copyright ©The Author(s) 2016.
World J Gastroenterol. Jan 21, 2016; 22(3): 1045-1066
Published online Jan 21, 2016. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i3.1045
Table 1 Reasons for malnutrition in inflammatory bowel disease patients
ReasonContributing factor
Increased nutritional requirementsActive inflammation
Increased nutrient lossesDiarrhea, intestinal and fistulae protein losses
Impaired dietary intakeNausea, vomiting, loss of appetite
Nutrient malabsorptionBacterial overgrowth, secondary lactose malabsorption
IatrogenicDrug - nutrient interactions,
(drug-related, surgery-related)reduced intestinal absorptive area