Copyright ©2010 Baishideng Publishing Group Co.
World J Gastroenterol. Dec 14, 2010; 16(46): 5810-5814
Published online Dec 14, 2010. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v16.i46.5810
Table 1 Reproductive changes in celiac disease
Altered female fertilityDelayed onset of menarche, amenorrhea, early menopause, recurrent abortions, reduced rates of pregnancy
Altered male fertilityGonadal dysfunction, altered sperm morphology and motility, reduced sexual activity
Alterations in pregnancyRepeated miscarriages, premature delivery an impaired fetal growth with low birth weight, abnormal placental function
Postpartum activation of celiac diseaseHormonal or immune changes