Copyright ©2009 The WJG Press and Baishideng.
World J Gastroenterol. Oct 21, 2009; 15(39): 4883-4885
Published online Oct 21, 2009. doi: 10.3748/wjg.15.4883
Table 1 Other causes of multifocal small-bowel ulceration and stenosis
Ulcerative jejunoileitis with celiac disease or sprue-like intestinal disease
Lymphoma (especially mucosa only), including T-cell enteropathy and α-chain disease (Mediterranean type)
Crohn’s disease involving the small intestine
Infections (e.g. Campylobacter and Shigella)
Drug-induced type (especially with NSAIDs)
Zollinger–Ellison syndrome (gastrinoma) or other hypersecretory disorders
Traumatic injury (e.g. endoscopic or surgical treatment, seat-belt injury)
Ischemia related to vasculopathy (e.g. collagen vascular disease, coagulopathy, or inflammatory vasculitis)
Table 2 Differentiation of CMUSE from Crohn’s disease
Absence of clinical or laboratory features of an inflammatory syndrome
Absence of small-intestinal transmural inflammatory process or ulceration
Absence of small-intestinal giant-cell granulomatous inflammatory process
Absence of small-intestinal fistula formation despite recurrent chronic disease
Absence of disease in other parts of gastrointestinal tract (i.e. stomach or colon)
Absence of most extraintestinal features of Crohn’s disease (e.g. skin manifestations)