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Copyright ©2009 The WJG Press and Baishideng.
World J Gastroenterol. Apr 28, 2009; 15(16): 1934-1942
Published online Apr 28, 2009. doi: 10.3748/wjg.15.1934
Table 1 Indications and contraindications of capsule endoscopy
Small bowelAbsolute
Obscure gastrointestinal bleedingBowel obstruction
Overt GI bleedingExtensive and active Crohn’s
Occult (positive FOBT)Disease ± strictures
Evaluation of iron deficiency anemiaIntestinal pseudo-obstruction
Crohn’s diseaseYoung children (< 10 years)
Suspected Crohn’s diseaseRelative
Indeterminate colitisCardiac pacemakers
Assessment of mucosal healingImplanted electromedical
Determine post-operative recurrenceDevices
Abdominal painDysphagia
Graft-versus-host diseasePrevious abdominal surgery
Surveillance of polyposis syndromesPregnancy
Celiac diseaseDiverticulosis
Suspected small bowel tumors
Follow-up of small intestine transplantation
Evaluation of abnormal small bowel imaging
Evaluation of drug induced injury
Barrett esophagus
Variceal evaluation