Clinical Research
Copyright ©2005 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc.
World J Gastroenterol. Nov 21, 2005; 11(43): 6787-6791
Published online Nov 21, 2005. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v11.i43.6787
Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the patients included in this study
Gender (M/F)165/95
Age (yr)49.8±0.8
Age (yr)18.5–74.5
Mean time after OLT (d)1 523.3±97.6
Mean US evaluation time after OLT (d)2–8 912
Full size OLT (n)244
Split liver OLT (n)16
Table 2 Etiologies of liver diseases leading to OLT
EtiologyCases (n)
Chronic hepatitis B37
Primary sclerosing cholangitis36
Chronic hepatitis C33
Chronic hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma24
Primary biliary cirrhosis18
Cryptogenic liver disease18
Cystic liver degeneration12
Autoimmune hepatitis12
Budd-Chiari syndrome12
Alcoholic cirrhosis10
Primary hepatocellular carcinoma8
Wilson’s disease8
Table 3 Ultrasound findings and complications in liver graft recipients
US findingUS frequency in this study (%)Reported frequency (%)
Thrombosis of the hepatic artery0.412 [21]
Stenosis of the hepatic artery1.93–5 [8]
Stenosis of the portal vein2.71–6.2 [3,17]
Biliary complications generally22.318 [22]
Bile duct dilatations17.77.3–48.8 [20]
Thickening of bile ducts6.9
Calculi of biliary system6.236.6 [20]
Bile duct stricture0.45–14 [21]
Table 4 Ultrasound data (mean±SE)
Spleen size12.9±0.2cm
Liver size in MCL12.2±0.2cm
Table 5 Reasons of vascular complications after liver transplantation
Arterial system
Reperfusion damage(n = 2)
Thrombosis of the celiac trunk(n = 1)
Thrombosis of the hepatic artery1(n = 1)
Dissection of the common hepatic artery(n = 1)
Unknown(n = 1)
Portal system
Over average length of the portal anastomosis(n = 3)
Intraoperative thrombectomy2(n = 2)
Intraoperative thrombectomy of malign thrombus3(n = 1)
Leakage of the biliary anastomosis and consequently(n = 1)
Systemic infection leading to portal thrombosis