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Copyright ©The Author(s) 2016.
World J Gastroenterol. Jan 21, 2016; 22(3): 961-973
Published online Jan 21, 2016. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i3.961
Table 3 Recommended procedures for patients with inflammatory bowel disease-associated neoplasia
Procedure typeIndicationsRelative contraindications
Total proctocolectomy with end ileostomyUC, CD refractory disease or neoplasiaNone
Restorative proctocolectomy (RP) with Ileoanal pouchUCFecal incontinence
Direct sphincter invasion by tumor
Stage IV CRC
Subtotal colectomy with ileorectal anastomosisUC or CD with contraindication for RPRectal neoplasia
Active rectal inflammation
Segmental resectionUC or CD with Unifocal dysplasia or cancer and no active diseaseAcute or chronic colonic inflammation
CRC with comorbidity and age > 65 yr
Diverting ostomyUC or CD with Stage IV CRC with obstruction and/or severe comorbidityNone