Copyright ©The Author(s) 2016.
World J Gastroenterol. Sep 7, 2016; 22(33): 7463-7477
Published online Sep 7, 2016. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i33.7463
Figure 1
Figure 1 Bile acids are in the central position of oncogenic and metabolic pathways. MMP: Matrix metalloproteinase; FXR: Farnesoid X nuclear receptor; TGR5: Takeda G-protein receptor 5.
Figure 2
Figure 2 Bile acids metabolism. FXR: Farnesoid X nuclear receptor; DCA: Deoxycholic acid; LCA: Lithocholic acid; CDCA: Chenodeoxycholic acid; CA: Cholic acid.
Figure 3
Figure 3 Oncogenic process of bile acid reflux.