Basic Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2023. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Gastroenterol. Aug 14, 2023; 29(30): 4642-4656
Published online Aug 14, 2023. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v29.i30.4642
Exploring the regulatory mechanism of tRNA-derived fragments 36 in acute pancreatitis based on small RNA sequencing and experiments
Xi-Rui Fan, Yun Huang, Yu Su, Si-Jin Chen, Yu-Lu Zhang, Wei-Kang Huang, Hui Wang
Xi-Rui Fan, Yun Huang, Yu Su, Si-Jin Chen, Yu-Lu Zhang, Wei-Kang Huang, Hui Wang, Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Yan’an Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650051, Yunnan Province, China
Xi-Rui Fan, Hui Wang, Key Laboratory of Tumor Immunological Prevention and Treatment of Yunnan Province, Yan’an Hospital of Kunming, Kunming 650051, Yunnan Province, China
Author contributions: Fan XR and Huang Y contributed equally to this work. Wang H conceived, designed, and supervised the study; Fan XR, Huang Y, and Chen SJ performed the majority of experiments and collected the data; Su Y and Huang WK performed data analysis and drafted the manuscript; and all authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.
Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 81860424.
Institutional review board statement: This study was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Yan’an Hospital Affiliated to Kunming Medical University (Approval No. 2022-024-01).
Institutional animal care and use committee statement: This study was approved by Animal Ethics and Welfare Committee (AEWC) of Kunming Yan’an hospital (Approval No. 2022013) in accordance with internationally accepted principles for the use of laboratory animals.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All the authors report no relevant conflicts of interest for this article.
Data sharing statement: The data used during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
ARRIVE guidelines statement: The authors have read the ARRIVE guidelines, and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the ARRIVE guidelines.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Hui Wang, PhD, Doctor, Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Yan’an Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Renmin East Road, Panlong District, Kunming 650051, Yunnan Province, China.
Received: February 9, 2023
Peer-review started: February 9, 2023
First decision: May 16, 2023
Revised: May 26, 2023
Accepted: July 17, 2023
Article in press: July 17, 2023
Published online: August 14, 2023
Processing time: 182 Days and 9.9 Hours
Core Tip

Core Tip: Based on reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and bioinformatic analysis of small RNA sequencing data extracted from three patients and three healthy controls, and validated by 20 acute pancreatitis (AP) patients and 20 healthy controls, we found that tRNA-derived fragments 36 (tRF36) was significantly upregulated in AP. Furthermore, the results of the cell model of the MCP-83 cell line and knockdown of tRF36 suggested that tRF36 contributed to AP progression by promoting cell death.