Role of microbial dysbiosis in the pathogenesis of esophageal mucosal disease: A paradigm shift from acid to bacteria?
Steve M D'Souza, Kevin Houston, Lauren Keenan, Byung Soo Yoo, Parth J Parekh, David A Johnson, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23502, United States
Author contributions: Johnson DA, Parekh PJ, D'Souza SM and Yoo BS contributed construction of project; all authors wrote and edited the manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors have no conflicts of interests or financial disclosures relevant to this manuscript.
: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: David A Johnson, MD, MACG, FASGE, FACP, MACP, Doctor, Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 885 Kempsville Rd, Suite 114, Norfolk, VA 23502, United States. firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: February 2, 2021
Peer-review started: February 2, 2021
First decision: February 27, 2021
Revised: March 6, 2021
Accepted: April 14, 2021
Article in press: April 14, 2021
Published online: May 14, 2021