Impact of smoking habit on surgical outcomes in non-B non-C patients with curative resection for hepatocellular carcinoma
Keita Kai, Shinichi Aishima, Department of Pathology, Saga University Hospital, Saga 849-8501, Japan
Hiroki Koga, Koutaro Yamaji, Takao Ide, Junji Ueda, Hirokazu Noshiro, Departments of Surgery, Saga University Hospital, Saga 849-8501, Japan
Shinichi Aishima, Koutaro Yamaji, Pathology and Microbiology, Saga University Hospital, Saga 849-8501, Japan
Atsushi Kawaguchi, Center for Comprehensive Community Medicine, Saga University Faculty of Medicine, Saga 849-8501, Japan
Author contributions: Kai K the main author of this article, designed the study, conducted the data collection, and contributed to the statistical analyses; Koga H contributed to the data correction and statistical analyses; Aishima S performed the pathological work and reviewed the manuscript; Kawaguchi A supervised the statistical analyses; Yamaji K, Ide T and Ueda J contributed to the data collection; Noshiro H contributed to the data collection and reviewed the manuscript; all authors have read and approved the final manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: The protocol of this study was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine at Saga University.
Informed consent statement: Informed consent for the use of resected tissue and medical information was obtained from all patients.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Data sharing statement: The clinical dataset is available from the corresponding author at email: email@example.com. Participant consent for data sharing was not obtained, but the presented data are anonymized and the risk of identification is low.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Dr. Keita Kai, MD, Department of Pathology, Saga University Hospital, Nabeshima 5-1-1, Saga City, Saga 849-8501, Japan. firstname.lastname@example.org
Telephone: +81-952-343264 Fax: +81-952-342055
Received: November 27, 2016
Peer-review started: November 28, 2016
First decision: December 19, 2016
Revised: December 31, 2016
Accepted: January 11, 2017
Article in press: January 11, 2017
Published online: February 28, 2017