Prognostic factors associated with mortality in patients with gastric fundal variceal bleeding
Keishi Komori, Masaru Kubokawa, Kazuya Akahoshi, Department of Gastroenterology, Aso Iizuka Hospital, Iizuka 820-8505, Japan
Eikichi Ihara, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Department of Medicine and Bioregulatory Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan
Kenta Motomura, Akihide Masumoto, Department of Hepatology, Aso Iizuka Hospital, Iizuka 820-8505, Japan
Author contributions: Komori K and Kubokawa M designed this study and mainly wrote the manuscript; Ihara E, Akahoshi K, Nakamura K, Motomura K, and Masumoto A supervised this study.
Institutional review board statement: This study was reviewed and approved by the ethics committee of Aso Iizuka Hospital. It was conducted in accordance with the ethical principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and in compliance with good clinical practice.
Informed consent statement: This was a retrospective study using routinely collected data, and the results had no impact on the participants. Patients were not required to give informed consent for the study because the analysis used anonymous clinical data that were obtained after each patient agreed to treatment by written consent. The information regarding this study has been posted on the website of Aso Iizuka Hospital at (http://aih-net.com/shared/oshirase/rinri_201604-008.html).
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Data sharing statement: No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Masaru Kubokawa, MD, PhD, Department of Gastroenterology, Aso Iizuka Hospital, 3-83 Yoshio, Iizuka 820-8505, Japan. email@example.com
Telephone: +81-948-223800 Fax: +81-948-298747
Received: September 23, 2016
Peer-review started: September 26, 2016
First decision: December 2, 2016
Revised: December 13, 2016
Accepted: December 21, 2016
Article in press: December 21, 2016
Published online: January 21, 2017