Published online Oct 28, 2014. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i40.14942
Revised: July 5, 2014
Accepted: August 13, 2014
Published online: October 28, 2014
Core tip: The prevalence of gallstones in the Uighur population is higher than that in the Han population in Xinjiang, but there are few relevant epidemiological data or risk analysis reports. This single-centre case-control study enrolled healthy people to compare and analyse the risk factors for gallstones in Uighur and Han patients. The results suggest that age is a risk factor in both populations. Total cholesterol, gender and fatty liver are risk factors in the Uighur population, but in the Han population, those with elevated triglycerides, reduced high-density lipoprotein and obesity are at greater risk for gallstones.