Published online Oct 21, 2014. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i39.14381
Revised: May 25, 2014
Accepted: July 16, 2014
Published online: October 21, 2014
Core tip: Liver resection (LR) is one of the most efficient treatments for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Advances in assessment and treatment, including emerging evidence from laparoscopic hepatectomies and combined treatments with newly developed chemotherapies, may lead to expanded indications for LR. Liver transplantation (LT) is an ideal treatment for chronically injured liver tissue with impaired liver function and risk of multicentric carcinogenesis. The expansion of criteria for LT in HCC patients and combined treatment involving LR and LT are under trial and discussion. This highlight presents and discusses recent studies concerning LR and LT in HCC patients.