Published online Jan 21, 2014. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i3.673
Revised: October 25, 2013
Accepted: December 3, 2013
Published online: January 21, 2014
Core tip: Because of the decrease in the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication rate after standard triple therapy with a proton pump inhibitor and two antibiotics, alternative therapies have recently received attention. In this article, we comprehensively review the possible mechanisms of action of probiotics on H. pylori infection, and present the results of the published studies using probiotics as possible agents to control H. pylori growth in children. The effect of the addition of probiotics to the standard H. pylori eradication therapy for the prevention of antibiotic associated side-effects is also discussed.