Published online Aug 7, 2013. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i29.4832
Revised: June 13, 2013
Accepted: June 19, 2013
Published online: August 7, 2013
Core tip: This paper reported three cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy successfully performed in patients with anesthetic problems that included cardiopulmonary disease, severe kyphosis, and ankylosing spondylitis. This study demonstrates that regional anesthesia can be considered as a valid option for patients with gallbladder disease who are poor candidates for general anesthesia due to cardiopulmonary problems.