Published online Jul 28, 2020. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v26.i28.4159
Peer-review started: March 12, 2020
First decision: April 25, 2020
Revised: April 30, 2020
Accepted: July 14, 2020
Article in press: July 14, 2020
Published online: July 28, 2020
Children with esophageal atresia (EA) have risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), suggesting reflux monitoring for prompt management.
To evaluate GERD in children with EA and specific symptom association from combined Video with Multichannel Intraluminal Impedance and pH (MII-pH) study.
Children diagnosed with EA with suspected GERD and followed up at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital between January 2000 and December 2018 were prospectively studied. All underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy with esophageal biopsy and Video MII-pH study on the same day. Symptoms of GERD which included both esophageal and extra-esophageal symptom were recorded from video monitoring and abnormal reflux from MII-pH study based on the statement from the European Paediatric Impedance Group. Prevalence of GERD was also reported by using histopathology as a gold standard. Endoscopic appearance was recorded using Los Angeles Classification and esophagitis severity was graded using Esohisto criteria.
Fifteen children were recruited with age of 3.1 (2.2, 9.8) years (40%, male) and the common type was C (93.3%). The symptoms recorded were cough (75.2%), vomiting (15.2%), irritability or unexplained crying (7.6%) and dysphagia (1.9%) with the symptom-reflux association of 45.7%, 89%, 71% and 0%, respectively. There were abnormal endoscopic appearance in 52.9%, esophagitis in 64.7% and high reflux score in 47.1%. Video MII-pH study has high diagnostic value with the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 72.7%, 100% and 82.4%, respectively.
Prevalence of GERD in children with EA was high. Video MII-pH study to detect GERD in children with EA had high diagnostic value with the trend of specific symptom association.
Core tip: This was a cross sectional study with 15 patients diagnosed with esophageal atresia (EA) and suspected gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Combined Video Multichannel Intraluminal Impedance and pH study has a good diagnostic accuracy to diagnose GERD in these children and there was a trend of specific symptom-reflux association in children diagnosed with EA.