Published online Aug 21, 2012. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i31.4175
Revised: April 25, 2012
Accepted: May 12, 2012
Published online: August 21, 2012
AIM: To evaluate the impact of surgical volume on nationwide hospital mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for periampullary tumors in South Korea.
METHODS: Periampullary cancer patients who underwent PD between 2005 and 2008 were analyzed from the database of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service of South Korea. A total of 126 hospitals were divided into 5 categories, each similar in terms of surgical volume for each category. We used hospital mortality as a quality indicator, which was defined as death during the hospital stay for PD, and calculated adjusted mortality through multivariate logistic models using several confounder variables.
RESULTS: A total of eligible 4975 patients were enrolled in this study. Average annual surgical volume of hospitals was markedly varied, ranging from 215 PDs in the very-high-volume hospital to < 10 PDs in the very-low-volume hospitals. Admission route, type of medical security, and type of operation were significantly different by surgical volume. The overall hospital mortality was 2.1% and the observed hospital mortality by surgical volume showed statistical difference. Surgical volume, age, and type of operation were independent risk factors for hospital death, and adjusted hospital mortality showed a similar difference between hospitals with observed mortality. The result of the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was 5.76 (P = 0.674), indicating an acceptable appropriateness of our regression model.
CONCLUSION: The higher-volume hospitals showed lower hospital mortality than the lower-volume hospitals after PD in South Korea, which were clarified through the nationwide database.